Information security becomes more an more important as we today have a lot of information that is valuable for us. But do you know what information security really is about and why every organisation need to start working with it?
Read more about this and download our guide on how to start working with information security.
Valuable information needs to be protected
Information is a basic building block in an organisation, in the same way as employees, premises and equipment. Information expresses knowledge or message in a concrete form. We can communicate information, we can store it, we can refine it and we can control processes with it - we simply need it for most of what we do.
Therefore, information is valuable and needs to be protected based on the needs. Information can be valuable both for organisations and for the individual, sometimes it is even vital. If such information is lost or incorrect, it can have catastrophic consequences.
We need to protect our information so that:
- it is always available when we need it (availability)
- we can trust that it is correct and not manipulated or destroyed (correctness)
- only authorised persons may take part in it (confidentiality)
Note that even a system, for example an industrial control system, if classified as a protected asset should be protected in this way. In that case, it is not information you protect but the system itself.
What does information security mean?
Information security is above all about preventing information from being leaked, distorted and destroyed. It is also about having the right information available to the right people, and at the right time. Information should not fall into the wrong hands and be misused.
Information security applies to both individuals and organisations, both in business and in public activities. Information security therefore covers the whole of society.
Information security protects your assets
The increasing dependence on information technology means increased risks - there is a clear increase in incidents such as data breaches, fraud, and the spread of malicious code. The actors behind it consist of individuals but also in the form of organised crime, terrorists, and government.
To protect yourself and your assets, you need to work with information security.
What can lack of information security lead to?
Lack of information security can have consequences in the form of the business not being able to be conducted in an appropriate and efficient manner, lack of protection of personal integrity and disruptions in socially important activities.
Deficiencies in information systems can also affect physical assets. Damage to the critical infrastructure can have fatal consequences. Incidents that lead to the inability or destruction of such systems and assets can lead to serious crises affecting the financial systems, public health, national security, or combinations thereof.
It can also lead to a deterioration in confidence in services and underlying actors. Serious and repeated disruptions can lead to crises of confidence, which can also spread to more actors and services as well as to other sectors.
In short - lack of information security has consequences that are too high to be neglected.
Systematic information security work - what is it?
All organisations and companies live and operate in an environment where they are exposed to different types of risks in different areas. Financial risks, process-related risks, technology-related risks, personnel-related risks, and legal risks are all examples of risks that many organisations work with on a daily basis.The work with information security shall, in the same way as other risk management, strive to identify and manage the risks to which it is exposed in the area of information security.
Through systematic work with information security, organisations can increase the quality and confidence in their operations. Starting from established standards in the work with information security increases the chance of success.
The work with information security includes introducing and managing administrative regulations such as policies and guidelines, technical protection with, among other things, firewalls, and encryption, as well as physical protection with, for example, shell and fire protection. It is about taking a holistic approach and creating a functioning long-term way of working to give the organisation's information the protection it needs.
Read our 8 tips on how to get started with information security work - see our video and download our guide at the top of this page.